понеделник, 27 май 2013 г.

Видео от Румънските Карпати Videos of Romanian CARPATHIAN region

Източник: http://www.city-data.com/forum/europe/1867205-videos-romania-2.html

 Аnd from the same area, the Transfăgărășan Road, fragment from Top Gear 2009 episode made in Romania:






Bucegi Mountains have maximum altitude 2514 m. Between 1600-2500 m there is a huge plateau stretching for most of the mountain surface.


Although are the most visited mountains in Romania (being closest to Bucharest), they are also home to many bears that can be often seen on roads or on ski resorts' streets.















Brașov / Kronstadt / Brassó









Poiana Brașov - 10 km from the city of Brașov, is Romania's most modern ski resort, situated in Postăvaru Massif.






Iași





Transalpina (formerly called Vidra) ski resort - isolated by mountain ranges tens of km wide from all sides, Lotru Valley (where Vidra is) is Romania's farthest from urban settlements area. The resort was founded in the 1970 when was created the huge reservoir lake (8 km long) but was abandoned. for decades, it was a ghost resort until 2012 when was rebuilt and reopened as a modern ski resort. For moment, there are no hotels or other tourist facilities except the ski tracks, gondolas and chairlifts.


The village Voineasa (also a resort), situated at 10 km, is where I was born.







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Căciulata Spa, Olt Valley

The resort is situated at the beginning of Olt Defile (from Oltenia). The ruins of a Roman castrum called Arutela (from ancient Roman Olt's name Alutus) is found on Olt's bank, some 100 m from Cozia Monastery.




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Hurezi Monastery


Large fortified complex from 1693 with richly decorated church and cloister, an Unesco site.















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Calafat - Vidin Danube Bridge 2



Is a road and rail bridge between the cities of Calafat, Romania and Vidin, Bulgaria. It will be opened in the mid 2013. The length is 1,971 m (6,467 ft) and the cost € 226 million.













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Vârghiș / Vargyas Gorges, Perșani Mountains





There are 122 known caves in these gorges and inside live 19 bat species (the place in Romania with highest number of bat species). Also there is a great population of brown bears.

















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Brad- Crișcior Mocănița (narrow gauge steam train), Metaliferi Mountains








Is both an industrial and touristic line. The railway was built in 1907.






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Constanța - panoramic view from the Old Lighthouse













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1939 color film with the Saxons from Southern Transylvania








You can see how amazingly archaic was the Transylvanian society at that time and how rigurous the ancestral customs were kept.




The places presented in movie are:

-Mediaș / Mediasch
-Cisnădioara / Michelsberg
-Cisnădie / Heltau
-Countryside near Brașov / Kronstadt
-Bran Castle / Torzburg
-Râșnov / Rosenau
-Prejmer / Tartlau













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Cetățeni Cave Hermitage, Argeș County




The hermitage is situated on a top of of a prominence on Dâmbovița Valley, in the foothills of Leaota Mountains.


In Antiquity at the base of the prominence was a large Dacian settlement that had on the top of the height a fortification. It was the most important Dacian settlement from northern Muntenia.


The cave church of the hermitage was created in 13th century by a Transylvanian delegation sent by the Hungarian king to found the state of Wallachia, initially subordinated to Hungary (similar to Moldavia, founded by Romanian Maramure; voivods sent by Hungary). The mission was composed of Orthodox Romanian voivods from Land of Făgăraș and of Catholic Saxons. A small urban settlement was created over the vestiges of the Dacian site and the cave church on the height with two altars, one Orthodox and one Catholic, because the Hungarian king hoped the locals will convert to Catholicism. The wooden church of the hermitage is contemporary.











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Moldovița Monastery, Bukovina, in Michael Palin's Documentary





The monastery was founded around 1400 and rebuilt on a new location and in present form in 1532. The exterior paintings date from 1537 and the surrounding fortifications and buildings are from 16th - early 17th century.

















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Sucevița Monastery, Bukovina






The fortified monastery built in 1585 with the church painted on the outside walls in 1601, is an Unesco WH monument.
















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Oradea / Nagyvárad / Großwardein














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Târgu Ocna Salt Mine




The salt mine, situated at 240 m below surface, is at the end of a 3 km long underground road covered by a touristic bus.













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Bukovina - typical road in the region, here somewhere around Sucevița


















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Mangalia Daewoo Shipyard



It was formed in 1997 as a joint venture between South Korean company Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering and the 2 Mai Shipyard in Mangalia.


The revenue in 2008 was US$ 700 ml.

In 2008 the shipyard bought the largest gantry crane in North America, the Goliath Crane, located in Quincy, Massachusetts, from the General Dynamics company. Built in 1975 the crane, nicknamed Goliath, Big Blue, The Dog or Horse, has a height of 100 metres (330 ft), a span of 126 metres (413 ft), a weight of 3,000 tonnes (6,600,000 lb) and a lifting capacity of 1,200 tonnes (2,600,000 lb)













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Oldest surviving Muslim community in Europe





The Turks and Tatars from Dobruja have the longest history in Europe. They're not the first Muslims in Europe, that would be the Arabs from Spain that were expelled in 15th century. But the Dobrujan Muslims precede the conquest of Balkans and Constantinople by Turks with 2-300 years.



While Muslim Pechenegs settled parts of today Romania as early as 1061, the first Turks arrived in Dobruja in 1260, and since then their history was uninterrupted. In that year, the Byzantine emperor allowed a deposed Sultan of the Seljuq Sultanate (that preceded the Ottoman Sultanate in Anatolia) to settle in Dobruja.



Call to prayer in Amzacea / Hamzaça, a small Dobrujan village. There were 187 Turks and 117 Tatars in ther village at the last census, making together 23% of population.






Traditional music from Bihor County

The singer passed away in 2011












Slănic - largest salt mine in Europe





Reaching 217 bellow the ground, with halls 54-70 m tall and a total surface of 80,000 sq. m, is the biggest salt mine in Europe. The immensity of the space is overhelming.




















Voroneț Monastery, Bukovina





Considered the finest of Moldavian painted monasteries, it was built and painted inside in 1488 and on the outside walls in 1547.


















Bicaz / Békás Gorges Part of Bicaz Gorges - Hășmaș National Park

















Putna monastery, Bukovina is one of the most important cultural, religious and artistic centers established in Romanian principalities, built and dedicated by Prince Stephen the Great, who is buried here.


Consecrated in 1470 as a fortified complex it suffered modifications. The present church dates from 1662. The Treasure Tower, the only one from the initial complex, datesfrom1481, while other buuldings from the cloister dates from 16-19th century.


Putna has the richest museum of a monastery in Romania and one of the richest museums of medieval art in country, with many tapestries, illuminated books from 15th century and so on.
















Princely Palace in Mogoșoaia, near Bucharest






Built in 1702 in Brâncovenesc style common in Wallachia in 17-18th century, a blend of Byzantine, Turkish and Baroque elements.















Predeal - Brașov road











Ciucaș Mountains












Bârgău Mountains












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